Definition "New Forms of Decision-Making"
But what does "new forms of decision making" mean? When can we say that new forms of decision making are used? The CIPRA expert-team characterises "new forms of decision making" as follows:
In the following chapters, we would like to discuss so called "hot spot"-issues regarding decision making in different policy sectors which are important for the Alpine future.
- The procedure allows the integration and transfer of different types of knowledge (expert knowledge, "local" knowledge, scientific knowledge, practical knowledge).
- The issue dealt with is embedded into a wider and integrated approach, where at least neighbouring topics (horizontally and vertically) are considered.
- There is a negotiation process with clear aims, rules and defined expected outcomes. Co-operation between the (conflicting) parties is encouraged.
- "Decision making" does also include the procedure which finally leads to the decision: information, awareness raising, opinion building, negotiations etc.
- It has innovative potential compared with the traditionally used decision making procedures in either its concept, methods and tools or involved actors. The decision making procedure may be already established or regularly used in some contexts, but should offer new possibilities for applications in other geographical, political or problem areas.
FISCHER, SCHOPHAUS, TRÉNEL & WALLENTIN (2003)
A useful manual for a fair participation process.
REC, ÖGUT, CIPRA & ÖSTERREICHISCHES LEBENSMINISTERIUM (2007)
This paper promotes environmental mediation as a tool for public participation and conflict resolution.
RIEDER, MOSTERT & WOLTERS (2005)
The HarmoniCOP project explains one method to enhance the active involvement of all interested parties.