Integrated Development Indicators
Municipalities with Growth Vitality
In tables 11 and 12 as well as on maps 9 and 10, municipalities with growth vitality are presented on the one hand, and municipalities with structural and development weaknesses on the other. Municipalities with growth vitality include those that, as a basic parameter, experienced a population increase between 1981 and 2001. In addition, three further growth parameters were defined:
- High proportion of the population at working age (15 to 64 years old): > 75th percentile = those municipalities in which the percentage of working age population is in the top quarter of all Alpine municipalities.
- Significant increase in the number of buildings: > 75th percentile = those municipalities in which the percentage growth in number of buildings is in the top quarter of all Alpine municipalities.
- High quota of incoming commuters: > 75th percentile = those municipalities in which the quota of incoming commuters is in the top quarter of all Alpine municipalities.
71.5% of all Alpine municipalities had an increase in population between 1981 and 2001. 28.5% of Alpine municipalities fulfilled one further growth parameter, 12.7% of Alpine municipalities fulfilled two further growth parameters, and 148 municipalities – that is 2.6% of all Alpine municipalities – fulfilled three further growth parameters. These municipalities include for instance: Mäder (A), Laax (CH), Les Gets (F), Postal/Burgstall (I) und Ravne (SI). Many of the municipalities that, over the period 1981 und 2001, fulfilled two or three of the further parameters are located in NUTS-3 regions with medium regional gross domestic product, for example in the western Alps. A number of these municipalities are located in areas with high GDP, for example western Austria, South Tyrol and Engadine. A further group is located in areas with low GDP, for example in the Slovenian Alps (see maps 8 and 9 in this regard).
Growth parameters in municipalities in the Alpine arc (Source: CIPRA 2007
). Click on the image to enlarge it.