Development Trends in the Alps
Future of the Alps: In which direction does the development of the alps head? (Source: CIPRA).
The Alps have undergone significant change in the past years. The REGALP project has researched this trend in depth for the past 30 years. The following main topic gives an overview of the development trends in the Alps and highlights their consequences.
Adapted from: CIPRA (2007)
by Wolfgang Pfefferkorn, CIPRA International and Rosniak & Partner GmbH
The Alps are not a homogenous spatial entity. All topics, such as population change, economic development, or landscape change etc., always need to be differentiated by considering the different sub-areas or spatial categories. A differentiation into sub-areas based on the type of municipality during the timeframe 1981-1991 had been carried out for Switzerland (see BÄTZING, MESSERLI & PERLIK 1995). In the EU Research Project REGALP this categorisation was then expanded to cover the entire Alpine Region, again for the timeframe 1981-1991 (see PFEFFERKORN, EGLI & MASSARUTTO 2005). For its 3rd Alpine Report, CIPRA has now supplemented this with 2001 data for the entire Alpine Region, hereby providing a relatively current overview of the spatial development trends in the Alps.
In the following main topic, the same delimitation of the Alpine Region is used as in the EU Research Project REGALP. It encompasses 5,799 municipalities and is more tightly defined than the delimitation for the Alpine Convention, which includes 5,954 municipalities.