Governance Capacity

 

The Role of Basic Services

Beispiel
Areas with a high risk potential regarding future household based services can be found in the Eastern and Southern parts of Austria. In the Western parts of Austria (Vorarlberg, Tirol, Salzburg) the risk potential is low (Source: ROSNIAK & PARTNER). Click on the image to enlarge it.
Governance capacity of rural areas depends on basic services: schools, kindergartens, medical doctor’s, hospitals and other social services, public transport, sport facilities, postal services, corner shops and guesthouses: they all contribute to quality of life on a local level. Due to demographic trends and to the reduction of public budgets the state is increasingly trimming back its services.

A study of HIESS et al (2006) on the present state and future development of basic services in Austria shows that severe problems with public services will arise mainly for small and sparsely settled municipalities and for rural areas where tourism does not play an important role. This evolution introduces a territorial inequality since some people have to travel further than others to reach some of the public services, a trend which affects young families, the unemployed and older people in particular. In general, services become less and less accessible for those who are not able to us a private car (e.g. young and elderly people).
Further Readings & Links

HIESS et al. (2006)
Summary of a study on the present state and future development of basic services in Austria

"Future in the Alps Workshop"
Workshop on the provision of sustainable public services in Alpine areas (in French).

Initiatives aimed at encouraging social and economic exchange at the local level (such as the Tauschkreis Vorarlberg and the Kempodium in Kempten) or at the regional level by trying to fill the gap of the vanishing traditional infrastructures can stop these gaps at least in part.

At a time when the state is stepping back and social structures are weakening, the team of CIPRA experts believes that the greatest challenge to governance capacity in Alpine regions is continually restoring cohesion among residents, helping them to organise themselves, and motivating them to take a greater part in decisions, particularly with regard to the protection of the countryside and the environment, the services provided to the population, and access to the housing and labour markets.

Village communities in rural areas are currently characterised by fundamental change:
  • From farming village to residential and recreational neighbourhoods with a high proportion of outgoing commuters
  • From a community with limited mobility and strong local bonds to high mobility with many options
Participation in village life is becoming a conscious voluntary decision. In particular the small municipalities, or individual localities within larger municipalities, are hereby faced with the dilemma of being in competition with other localities and municipalities on the one hand, and on the other hand requiring cross-border cooperation to maintain the provision of a high quality and professional range of services.
Beispiel
Through the Vorarlberg talent exchange – a neighbourhood assistance association - services and goods are traded without using money (Source: THOMAS ENDER, TALENTETAUSCHKREIS VORARLBERG).

Vorarlberg Talent Exchange (Austria)

www.tauschkreis.net

Finalist of CIPRA's Future in the Alps competition, 2005

The Vorarlberg talent exchange is an association for organised neighbourhood assistance in which services and goods are traded without printed currency and members are credited in "talents" (the name given to the complementary secondary currency). The non-profit association aims to harness the special skills of people who do not have a permanent employment contract (young mothers, the unemployed, the disabled and senior citizens) and boost their self-esteem. The initiative creates social ties and helps the community to strengthen its cohesion. The talent system works on the same principle as the bonus air miles of airline companies, but on the basis of a social contract and an environmentally friendly approach.

Using Talents to Buy Furniture


The system works as follows: a single mother joins the neighbourhood assistance and saves up lots of talents. She can then use them to order solid-wood furniture for her children from her carpenter, buy organic products from the farmer or book seminars at the education centre.

The association has been able to win over many communities, welfare services and companies to the talent system. Since its founding the neighbourhood scheme has exchanged 11 million talents or 110,000 hours of work among some 1,400 members. Some families already earn around 10% of their household budget using talents. 12% of the 560 member accounts are held by businesses and social & welfare services. The talent economy has also benefited companies by allowing them to find temporary staff quickly and easily in a very personal environment. The model for this people-friendly and environmentally compatible economy has now spread to seven regions. The perfect excuse for celebrating the 10th anniversary in a big way!
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WIESINGER (2006)
This article discusses poverty in rural areas of Austria.