Regional Intermediate Organisations
Intermediate organisations on sub-regional/local level frame an interface between public and private actors and between the different economic sectors within a territory. Such intermediate organisations succeed in mobilising rural actors for regional development and in integrating different policy sectors. The Austrian example shows that "regional management organisations" that are often characterised by a low level of institutionalisation are considered an important innovation in the field of regional development (BUNDESKANZLERAMT 2004, HEINTEL 2005).
Recently, the catchword "regional governance" has often been cited in the regional development discourse. The concept of regional governance results from a systemic approach to regional development and underlines the importance of networks which can be seen as the third form of societal steering of development (beside market and hierarchy mechanisms). According to HEINTEL (2005), "regional governance" implies:
- The perception of diverse players of regional development.
- The introduction of instruments and procedures for co-operation, participation and negotiation.
- A flexible delimitation of regions, e.g. bound to specific themes or projects.
- The importance of learning procedures, reflection and evaluation.
The sub-regional and local level are most important for the implementation of public policies (Source: C. LUMINATI).