What are Mountain Policies?
The development of the Alpine regions is affected everywhere by the implementation of various sectoral policies issued on national or regional level.
Development programmes that are aimed specifically at the Alps are necessary (Source: CIPRA).
How can Specific Mountain Issues be Integrated Into Public Policies?
Alpine areas are bound to specific conditions resulting from geographical features such as altitude, slope or remoteness. How is this fact considered by public policies? Whereas in general, specific mountain aspects are integrated into sectoral policies, there are also integrated cross-sector approaches: In France, Italy and Switzerland, formally integrated mountain policies and a specific legislation for mountain areas have been developed (NORDREGIO 2004, DAX & HOVORKA 2004).
Evaluation of the Impact of Mountain Policies
The success and impact of specific mountain region policies and promotion programmes are difficult to demonstrate individually, since they are influenced by a large number of factors. Furthermore, the repercussions of a specific mountain region policy are very difficult to differentiate from general development trends and the impact of sectoral policies.
A Development Programme Specifically for The Alps
Most important for all Alpine countries, including the Non-EU members Switzerland and Liechtenstein, the Alpine Space Programme, issued within the EU Programmes for European Territorial Co-operation (until 2006: Interreg) initialises sustainable development initiatives within the Alpine territory by supporting innovative projects as well as networks based on trans-national co-operation.